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To make matters worse, the now Los Angeles Chargers also relocated to the city following the season.

The burdens of 'bro-country', a music critic's term gone wild

The official southern California Cowboys fan club has close to 5, members on Facebook and they make their presence felt at games around California. The Cowboys have all four California teams on the schedule in , traveling to the Bay Area for matchups with the 49ers and Raiders, and hosting the two L.

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The Cowboys never turned their backs on those fans and even now with two teams in the city, the Cowboys consider themselves part of the community and really an extension of the city. Deep balls for Gallup, deep roster move to help really good Elliott.

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As fire was burning toward their house in Paradise, Jaelyn Morgan called her dad, who was on his way to work, to ask what he wanted her to save. But he immediately remembered the game tickets on his desk so he told her and she grabbed them. Cowboys owner Jerry Jones and executive vice president Charlotte Jones-Anderson surprised them with bags of merchandise, tickets for upgraded seats and an opportunity for Jaelyn to be on the field for the Thanksgiving Day halftime show.

They have a really nice personality. Prices escalated through natural market forces, and suddenly it became profitable for ranchers as far away as Texas and New Mexico to drive cattle westward to feed this large new market. Those drives, which were actually longer in distance and required passage through hostile Indian country, predated the more famous great northern drives by a decade or more.

How the West was won: Cowboys' California love keeps them dominant

In , a severe drought caused the loss of at least , head of cattle in Southern California. That calamity was followed by another drought in , and, finally, by the great disastrous drought of Land values plummeted, mortgages were foreclosed, and the industry never recovered. After , most of the remaining ranches were sold into smaller holdings, and landowners began diversifying out of cattle and into other more profitable and stable forms of agriculture.

One rancher whose holdings endured and who actually profited by the drought of was a man by the name of Henry Miller, a one time butcher in San Francisco who went on to become probably the largest private landowner in the State. Although his holdings expanded during the s and in later decades, and, indeed, are largely still owned by his descendants today , he was one of the first, if not the first, rancher in The United States to bring in Durham and Hereford bulls to breed to his longhorn cows. Thus, as fascinating a story as his is, it is ultimately a story which parallels that of the s and s throughout the herds of Texas and the South where purebred longhorns became nearly extinct due to the changing demands of the marketplace toward fattier British breeds.


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Just as purebred Longhorns largely disappeared from Texas during the s, the same had already begun to happen in California several decades earlier. Ultimately, however, it cannot be denied that, during their heyday, the impact these animals had on the growth of trade and prosperity in this State was a very significant one. Indeed, one might argue that, had the gold rush never occurred in California and thereby eclipsed the role of the Longhorn in the State's prosperity , the California Longhorn might have been given a far more important place in the history in the United States.

Footnote: Descendents of the longhorn cattle which inhabited California during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries are, to the best of the author's knowledge, no longer in existence. While it is known that, for a time between and , the California animal was slaughtered in California alongside longhorns which had been driven from Texas to feed the burgeoning population of gold miners and others who flocked to this state during that time period, there is no known account from butchers, cowboys, or other contemporary sources in which the animals were described side by side.

Nor do the records of Henry Miller the largest landowner and cattle rancher in the State during those years, - whose voluminous records are archived at both the Bancroft Library in Berkeley and the Huntington Library in Pasadena shed any light on the subject.


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  • It points to what appears to the author, to be an inescapable conclusion that the animals were identical. Ancestors of both the California and Texas variety of longhorns ultimately trace back to the estuarian marshes of Andalusia in Southern Spain as well as the more wooded region of Extramadura in Western Spain. The people who inhabited those regions comprised the largest block of settlers who came to the new world with Columbus, beginning in Professor Jordan reports that the cattle those settlers brought with them were allowed to roam freely and became semi-feral, giving birth to offspring which often displayed spotted and speckled color patterns typical of feral animals.

    Beginning in many of the Antilles settlers left for the Mexican mainland in search of gold and other rumored treasures.

    They took with them their cattle, and those cattle began populating Mexico. Once there, they accompanied their Spanish owners on a slow northward migration along both the Pacific and Caribbean coastlines as well as the central highlands. Brought in largely by Spanish missionaries, they quickly populated the San Antonio River Valley out as far as Goliad on the coast.

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    In Martin DeLeon began ranching in the Nueces Strip and ultimately drove his Andalusian cattle eastward toward New Orleans, adding to his ranchlands along the coastal plains of Texas beyond the Guadalupe River. Although there was arguably some interbreeding between British and Andalusian cattle in Florida in the early s, that appears to have been of little, if any, consequence.

    The Andalusian cattle had entered Florida with Spanish explorers eager to push their colonial boundaries ever northward; however they were routed by British forces fighting alongside their Creek Indian allies. Those few longhorns that survived did, undoubtedly, mix to some small extent with British cattle being driven along the gulf coast by early American settlers, primarily from South Carolina. However, unlike the Spanish, the Americans who were moving west along the gulf coast exerted far tighter control over their cattle, penning them at night, driving them in closely watched herds during the days, and otherwise limiting much exposure by their cattle to interbreeding with the feral longhorns.

    Those settlers were also motivated to minimize contact between their animals and the wild longhorns since as documented by Frank Dobie in his classic work The Longhorns, at page 32 longhorns were immune to a disease, variously referred to as "Spanish Fever", "Texas Fever" and "Cattle Tick Fever. Please also see the excellent article by Dwight G. Hence, it is likely that whatever interbreeding may have taken place among those animals was quite minor and of no practical consequence in the makeup of the breed of animals now known as "Texas Longhorns.

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    Indeed, many those settlers are known to have developed a policy of shooting longhorns in order to protect their herds. Further evidence of the absence of any meaningful dilution in Texas of the pure Andalusian blood strains of the "Texas Longhorn" is provided by a look at more recent history.

    Thus, M. Wright's "Bow and Arrow" ranch, which bordered the Nueces River on both sides was started in the s and is one of the oldest ranches in the country. Wright was acclaimed for his foresight in resisting the strong temptations of the day to "upbreed the scrub cattle" and for his insistance in preserving for posterity a herd of purebred longhorn cattle.